When I was a 12 year old boy learning about chess, (Lets say my strength would be around 1700 by current standards) a wonderful thing happened to me. My cousins in USA sent a chess book to me. It was called the 62 most instructive games of chess ever played by Irving Chernev.
When someone asks me the Question: "Sagar whats your favourite book on chess?" I close my eyes and try to remember from all the books I have read.
And I have to say the moment I close my eyes only one thing flashes in front of my eyes and that is the cover of this book.
The book that was sent by my cousins from USA had become my best companion for a month! I would sit inside a room locked in solace, open carefully a page of this book and make the moves on the chessboard. The annotations were not as in depth as Dvoretsky's nor were they as humorous as Aagaard's. But there was something about this book which attracted me! It was the introduction to each game, The perfectly selected Masterpieces and the wonderful words used by the author! Oh I fell in love with each and every game! I have replayed these 62 games again and again and I still find them so beautiful even till this date! I salute the author ,Irving Chernev for this wonderful work and I take this opportunity to bring towards you my favourite game of the book which I have annotated!
Though Chernev was only a National Master strength, his books were so well written that I would recommend it to anyone taking their first steps in the game of chess.
The game which I loved the most in the book is the game number 19. Its not the most accurate of games but yet its extremely beautiful.
THE SEE SAW CHECK, ZUGZWANG & OTHER TACTICAL MOTIFS.
(1) Kupferstich - Andreassen [C27]
This is what Irving Chernev has to say about this game: "Wonderful things go on in this game! There is a series of see saw checks that is remarkable, an imprisonment of King and Rook that is unique, and a threat of mate requiring at least ten moves to excecute, yest so clear cut a child could carry it out. Question: Does this game played so Brilliantly come under the heading of entertainment or Instruction?"
I would like to add a few things to this: This game sort of made me realize how beautiful the game of chess was! I had previously seen devastating attacks by Morphy. There were the immortal games and the evergreen games but somehow this game catches my fancy even till date. I just don't know what it is that attracts me to this game? I think its just the clarity of the combination. When the combination is played we are all left in a state of shock and surprise but the beauty of the combination is such that once it is on the board, you understand its power in an instant. I think such clarity is what I feel is chess beauty! A perfect game to illustrate the maxim: Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication!
Just the most brilliant concept ever! Both the white pieces box in the black king. As the king cannot move, the rook on h8 cannot move and hence only the bishop can keep moving. And look at the further beauty! The white pieces are on dark squares, Hence the bishop cannot disturb them! Meanwhile the white king goes from d2-c3-b4-c5-b6-c7-d8-e7 and then with Ne8 or Ne4 he gives a mate on f6. Some might say the black bishop is useless. Yes he is useless for black but for white he is a huge asset. Without him it would have been stalemate if black gives up his pawns!! This last position made such an impression on my 12 year old mind that I immediately fell in love with this royal game! 1–0
Chess is a board game for two players. It is played in a squareboard, made of 64 smaller squares, with eight squares on each side. Each player starts with sixteen pieces: eight pawns, two knights, two bishops, two rooks, one queen and one king. The goal of the game is for each player to try and checkmate the king of the opponent. Checkmate is a threat ('check') to the opposing king which no move can stop. It ends the game.
During the game the two opponents take turns to move one of their pieces to a different square of the board. One player ('White') has pieces of a light color; the other player ('Black') has pieces of a dark color. There are rules about how pieces move, and about taking the opponent's pieces off the board. The player with white pieces always makes the first move. Because of this, White has a small advantage, and wins more often than Black in tournament games.
Chess is popular and is often played in competitions called chess tournaments. It is enjoyed in many countries, and is a national hobby in Russia.
History[change | change source]
Main article: History of chess
Most historians agree that the game of chess was first played in northern India during the Gupta Empire in the 6th centuryAD. This early type of chess was known as Chaturanga, a Sanskrit word for the military. The Gupta chess pieces were divided like their military into the infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariots. In time, these pieces became the pawn, knight, bishop, and rook. The English words chess and check both come from the Persian word shāh meaning king.
The earliest written evidence of chess is found in three romances (epic stories) written in SassanidPersia around 600AD. The game was known as chatrang or shatranj. When Persia was taken over by Muslims (633–644) the game was spread to all parts of the Muslim world. Muslim traders carried the game to Russia and to Western Europe. By the year 1000 it had spread all over Europe. In the 13th century a Spanishmanuscript called Libro de los Juegos describes the games of shatranj (chess), backgammon, and dice.
The game changed greatly between about 1470 to 1495. The rules of the older game were changed in the West so that some of the pieces (queen, bishop) had more scope, development of the pieces was faster, and the game more exciting. The new game formed the basis of modern international chess. Historians of chess consider this as the most important change since the game was invented.
Rules[change | change source]
The rules of chess are governed by the World Chess Federation, which is known by the initials FIDE, meaning Fédération Internationale des Échecs. The rules are in the section Laws of Chess of the FIDE Handbook. FIDE also give rules and guidelines for chess tournaments.
Setup[change | change source]
Chess is played on a square board divided into eight rows of squares called ranks and eight columns called files, with a dark square in each player's lower left corner. This is altogether 64 squares. The colors of the squares are laid out in a checker (chequer) pattern in light and dark squares. To make speaking and writing about chess easy, each square has a name. Each rank has a number from 1 to 8, and each file a letter from a to h. This means that every square on the board has its own label, such as g1 or f5. The pieces are in white and black sets. The players are called White and Black, and at the start of a game each player has 16 pieces. The 16 pieces are one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights and eight pawns.in this game out can get up to a quadruple pon, king, knight, queen, and also the king although it is very rare.
Movement[change | change source]
Definitions: vertical lines are files; horizontal lines are ranks; lines at 45° are diagonals. Each piece has its own way of moving around the board. The X marks the squares where the piece can move.
- The knight is the only piece that can jump over another piece.
- No piece may move to a square occupied by a piece of the same color.
- All pieces capture the same way they move, except pawns.