The pyramids are the stone tombs of Egypt's kings - the Pharaohs and one of the world's greatest historical mysteries. They have stood for thousands of years, filled with many hidden secrets: clues about what life (and death) was like in Ancient Egypt.
The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh's body could be mummified after death the pharaoh would live forever. The tombs were designed to protect the buried Pharaoh's body and his belongings.
Most of the pyramids can be found on the western side of the Nile River, just into the dry desert.
The dry desert heat worked to keep the Pharaohs's body and his belongings from decomposing and rotting away.
The reason they built the pyramids next to the Nile River was so it would be easier to get the blocks to the pyramid. The stones could be bought nearer to the pyramid building site by boat.
The Great Pyramid is the largest and most famous of the pyramids. It was built for the Pharaoh Khuf. It is over 140 metres high and took 20 years to build.
The Sphinx stands in front of all the pyramids in Giza. It has the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh.
Ancient Egyptians were buried with their belongings and the tomb walls were painted with scenes from the dead persons life. By examining the objects (artifacts) and paintings in the tombs, we have been able to understand a lot more about life in Ancient Egypt.
We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the objects stored in pyramids ready to be used in the afterlife.
We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the walls of pyramids.
In this painting we can see some of the animals they kept.What else?
The Egyptians believed that when they died, they would make a journey to another world where they would lead a new life. They would need all the things they had used when they were alive, so their families would put those things in their graves. Egyptians paid vast amounts of money to have their bodies properly preserved. Egyptians who were poor were buried in the sand whilst the rich ones were buried in a tomb.
Find out more about mummies and the afterlife
See inside a tomb Wow!
See the colourful tomb paintings
BBC Pyramid challenge
Journey back four and a half thousand years to Egypt's Old Kingdom, to the Pyramid Age. As the vizier, or head of state, you undertake the most important project of your career - the building of the king’s pyramid.
Explore the Giza Pyramids
See the different shapes of pyramids. Find out which type of pyramid was built first.
The Pyramids by Mark Telford, Aged 8yrs
Mark has answered these questions:
Who Built The Pyramids?
What Was Special About The Shape?
What Was Inside A Pyramid?
Tomb Robbers, What Power Did They Have?
Read more ....
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The Construction of the Pyramids
How did they build the pyramids? A major problem facing the builders was that of getting the Large stone blocks up the pyramid.
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One of the greatest pyramids was made by King Khufu....
The Giza Pyramids
Wander through the chambers and passageways of the Great Pyramid, and learn about the pharaohs for whom these monumental tombs were built.
There were over 2,000 names of gods in Ancient Egypt.
Some images of Ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses show them with a human body and the head of a bird or an animal.
Animals were chosen to represent the powers of the god.
was the Goddess of Protection of joy, love, pleasure and pregnant woman.
In Egyptian mythology, the sacred cat is the animal incarnation of the goddess Bast or Bastet. She was the protector of women and childbirth, as well as a loving goddess who enjoyed music and dance. Find out more
He guided the dead to the next life via the court of Osiris in the Underworld. He was the one who looked after the mummification process. Find out more
Ra was the most important God. He was the lord of all the gods. He was usually shown in human form with a falcon head, crowned with the sun disc encircled by the a sacred cobra.
Ra sailed across the heavens in a boat called the 'Barque of Millions of Years'. At the end of each day Ra was thought to die and sailed on his night voyage through the Underworld, leaving the Moon to light the world above. Find out more
|Name of God|
|Amun||King of the Gods |
When Amun was combined with the sun god Ra he was even more powerful. He was then called Amun-Ra.
|Head of a ram|
|Anubis||God of Mummification (embalming and the dead). |
His role was as the "guardian to necropolis"
Priests often wore a mask of Anubis during mummification ceremonies.
|Head of a jackal|
|Bast (Bastet)||Goddess of Protection and of household entertainment|
Thought to be the daughter of the sun god Ra
|Head of a cat|
|Geb||Earth God |
The ancient Egyptians believed that earthquakes were Geb's laughter.
|Head of a goose |
|Hathor||Goddess of love and joy and also of music and dance .||Head of a cow|
|Sekmet||Goddess of war and battle||Head of a lioness|
|Horus||God of the sky|
The Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the 'living Horus'.
|Head of a falcon|
|Heket||Goddess of childbirth||Head of frog|
|Tefnut||Goddess of of the rain||Head of lioness|
|Thoth||God of wisdom (writing and knowledge)||Head of an ibis bird|
|Sobek||God of Nile and swidt action||Head of a crocodile|
The Myth of Osiris and Isis
Ancient Egyptian Gods - discover more
Discover more about Egyptian gods. Click on a god's name or symbol name for picture and information or story.
78 Egyptian Gods
This site has great images of gods as well as interesting facts. Click on the name of the god you want on the left hand side of the page.