I use this method of writing to introduce expository and persuasive essays. This organizer helps students see how each paragraph in the Five-Paragraph Essay ties in with the other paragraphs. I found this organizer extremely useful in helping students prepare for the ISAT.
The teacher will pass out a copy of the Hamburger Writing to each student. (See hand-out)
The teacher will give the students an expository writing prompt. For example, what is the best candy in the world?
The students will vote on one type of candy to use as an example such as, Peanut M&M’s. The topic will go on the top bun.
The class will brainstorm reasons why Peanut M&M’s are the best type of candy.
As a class, the students will come up with three top reasons for choosing Peanut M&M’s as the best candy. (They are colorful, bite size and easy to eat and the flavor of the chocolate and peanuts is delicious.) These three reasons will also be written on the top bun.
The students will write one of their three reasons for choosing Peanut M&M’s on each of the middle sections of the hamburger. The students will also write three minor details for each reason.
Finally, the students will write their conclusion on the bottom bun. The students will restate their main idea, mention major details, and draw some conclusions.
As a class, we use this organizer the first couple of times we write expository or persuasive essays. The students get so accustomed to this type of organizer that they use it to organize other written assignments. It has been an extremely useful tool to use in writing instruction.
3.B.2a- Generate and organize ideas using a variety of planning strategies (e.g., mapping, outlining, drafting.)
3.B.2c Expand ideas by using modifiers, subordination and standard paragraph organization.
Return to Demonstration Lessons Main page
At times when we are in a hurry, hamburgers are one of the easiest foods to eat while on the go. No matter what time it is whether its breakfast, lunch, or dinner we grab a hamburger and might throw in some fries and a soda to go with it. Many restaurants are known to make their hamburgers in a specific way. Preparation differs from restaurant to restaurant. But what really makes a hamburger taste so delicious? Depending where you go they will taste different but they are all structured the same. It consists of a bun, a ground meat patty and often ingredients such as cheese, onion slices, lettuce and other condiments. I occasionally like to buy juicy burgers that look and taste great. When your food is served it does not only have to taste good, but also has to look good in order for it to be appetizing. Hamburgers, no doubt, look very pleasing to the eyes and are round in shape with many layers of nutrients. Hamburgers like writing relate in their organization, taste, and appearance of concluding a thought or an idea.
Making a fantastic burger is like writing. Just like a hamburger, the more condiments and toppings, the better the hamburger. In writing, the more description a paper contains the better the writing. The three condiments to a hamburger are its bun on top, the middle where you’ll find the meat, and a bun on the bottom. The first and most important secret to making a fantastic burger that everyone will just admire about is the meat. The higher the fat content is in ground beef, the better the flavor. Before cooking a burger it would be good to put some season dressing in the burger. Or to make it more pleasant you can stuff small bits of bread crumbs, garlic, or onions, mixed well with an egg inside the patty, and it will give it a real good flavor.
Preparing the seasoning to add flavor to the meat is similar to writing an outline or making notes of what to write about. In some cases, students have a habit in choosing their topic thesis and then start writing without any source of planning. The problem with this method is that there is little organization. Even if you have brainstormed what to write about, as well as the supporting arguments it is easy to get lost without a map. Creating an outline would be a good idea to begin with. When preparing the patty you want to know what to put in, like when writing you want to list intellectual ideas prior to the writing process.
First, the buns to a hamburger are like the introduction and topic statements. If a hamburger is well done it will grab attention and make an individual hungry. Hamburgers are mouthwatering meat patties framing with appealing bread buns. Generally, hamburgers top buns are made with sesame seeds, not for the taste but for an appealing style. An effective, introduction does the same, it provides a clear main idea or thesis. It may also include an interesting fact, scenario or an anecdote to illustrate the topic or even ask a question. The topic sentence clearly indicates what the whole paragraph is going to be about. The development of starting off an essay with an introduction is similar to the top bun of a burger.
Second, the composed sentences that give information about the topic are the most important part of a burger –the meat. Its condiment makes up the body which provides information with details to an essay. The meat is the supporting arguments for your paragraphs. All the meat of your supporting arguments is surrounded by the similar bun of an introduction and conclusion. The approaching sentences that come after are the supporting details. The supporting details are the heart of the hamburger, just like, tomatoes, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onion slices, etc. These condiments are like adding detail to a well thought out composition. Yet, the key to writing a good paper is to not change topics in the middle of a paragraph. Similarly, it’s like a hamburger starting as a Big Mac and turning into a turkey sandwich.
Hamburgers like writing start at one point and finish off with an enchanting strong touch that makes you want to lick your fingers and want more. Third but not least, the conclusion provides an almost mirror image of the introduction, wrapping up the arguments with a restatement of the thesis of your essay. I call this the bottom burger bun or in other words the conclusion. Holding it all together is the bottom bun of the hamburger or the conclusion to sum up all the key points of interest. The conclusion sentence should be interesting by giving it a call to action. As you can see a hamburger is easy to make like writing is not as hard as you think. Writing is very simple to do as preparing a hamburger. Although, most of the time hamburgers are dry and taste like cardboard.
They are the ones that tend to not be juicy or appealing to the eye. Believe it or not, essays are similar to dry burgers. Writing essays can lack clear thoughts, explanations, and opinions as well as vague arguments. As a result an essay that is boring and not interesting end up receiving a poor grade. However, a hamburger can be re-made to taste better like an essay can be revised or edited. In writing, as in other kinds of production, the process directly affects the quality of the product. If we prepare a meal quickly, assembling poor ingredients without much thought or attention, we aren’t likely to end up with a tasty dish. The best chefs, like the best writers, refine their methods and think carefully about what they are doing, with close attention to detail to increase the tastiness into their writing.