Research Paper Title Page Apsacs

October 2016

Web Submission Guidelines

General
Submit a manuscript
Resubmissions
File formats, figures, video (includes MSWord instructions and submission of color figures for online publication)
Related information
Submission of Supplemental Material
Frequently asked questions about the review process

General

Editorial processing of an electronic submission cannot begin until at least review-quality copies of the figures are received. A resubmission may consist of no more than a response to a referee's report.

There are no publication charges for Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (PRAB), but Physical Review Physics Education Research (PRPER)'s financial model requires payment of an article-processing charge to the authors or to the authors' institutions. Physical Review X also requires payment of an article-processing charge similar to the charge for PRPER. For the other journals except for Reviews of Modern Physics (RMP), prior to acceptance, submission in some electronic formats qualifies for a publication charge discount (Physical Review Letters) or waiver (Physical Review A, B, C, D, E, Applied, Fluids, Materials). Acceptable formats for the discount or waiver are currently REVTeX (preferred), LaTeX, or MSWord; with any figures provided as individual electronic files (for MSWord, this means figures must be submitted twice, once as part of the MSWord file containing the entire manuscript, and once as separate files for each figure). Such submissions can make a greater contribution to the speed and efficiency of our editorial-review process by, for example, the automatic extraction of metadata about the manuscript for our database.

Manuscripts submitted to the journals must contain original work which has not been previously published in a peer-reviewed journal, and which is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. Specific guidelines on the types of work considered for publication for each journal and their current editorial procedures are available here via Policies & Practices.

Authors should consult the PRL/PR Style and Notation Guide or RMP's Style Guide for detailed information on standards for presentation of material for publication. Please note that direct web submissions cannot be arbitrarily large. Please use compression if possible when transmitting files more than a few MB in size.

This server requires you to sign in using an APS Journal Account. Having logged in, your existing contributor information is displayed and you are able to take appropriate actions, such as (re)submit a manuscript or transfer from one journal to another. We encourage you to make use of the "Save for later" button and then logout whenever you have completed your current (re)submission or are likely to leave your browser session unattended for any length of time.

Changing your contact information

You are only required to complete your contact information when you first register. However, since it is only sensible for your contributor information to be accurate at all times, throughout the submission process there is always a link available to update your contact information.

Submit a manuscript

Submitting a new manuscript means that you have never submitted your manuscript before to the APS. Resubmission applies to any manuscript after you have completed the new (first-time) submission process. A resubmission includes a response to editor or referee comments, new files to resolve technical issues, transfers from one APS journal to another, or any other changes. When resubmitting, send the complete file for the text if there have been any changes. For further details see the section on resubmissions.

It is best if you complete the submission process for a manuscript in one session. However, this may not always be possible and you can leave the process at any stage and come back to complete, or remove, the submission at a later time. It is important to realize though that until you click on the "Submit Manuscript" at the end of the submission process your manuscript will not receive attention at the Editorial Offices.

Your manuscript has NOT been submitted to the Editorial Offices and thus will not receive any editorial attention until you have completed all the required information, clicked on the "Submit Manuscript" button, and you have received (immediately) by email a confirmation of submission message from us. The process for new submissions is detailed but not complicated. For your manuscript to receive efficient attention and be sent out for review as quickly as possible, it is essential for the Editorial Offices to gather at least minimal information. You will find, therefore, that responses to some items are required while others are optional. When information is required, you will receive an error message if it has not been supplied or if it is incorrect and you will be unable to proceed with the submission process. Much of the information you supply is fed directly into our database so it is important that it be as accurate as possible to maintain an acceptable level of efficiency.

You may view the PDF of your submitted manuscript that will be used for review purposes only after you have received an APS manuscript code number (e.g., LA12345) from us.

At all times, a list of all your manuscripts and their status is available.

Create a new submission

For a new submission, you will be led through the straightforward process step by step.

You can select one of our journals: Physical Review Letters, RMP, Physical Review A, B, C, D, E, X, Applied, Fluids, PRAB, or PRPER. Since the practices differ among the journals, it is not only required that you select a journal, but it is also important that you select the correct one otherwise you might encounter an "error" later in the process.

Note: Submitters for large collaborations should follow the collaboration submission guidelines to ensure that long author lists are automatically extracted in a reliable fashion. If you are not submitting from an e-print, you are required to select the file(s) you will be uploading. File names should have standard extensions: for example, .tex for REVTeX or LaTeX, .ps for PostScript, and .doc for MSWord.

Describing the files

This page allows you to identify the files you want to upload. Once all your files have been uploaded they should be clearly identified, this is especially important for the figures and any Supplemental Material. While you can have only one file that constitutes the body - or text - of your manuscript, you must have this one file regardless of its format. You can describe this file as being "Main text file" or "Main text incl. figures". "Main text incl. figures" should be used only when the figures and tables are included in the text file. For example, if myfile.tex calls in the figure this way:

\begin{figure}
\epsfig{file=fig1.ps}
\caption{}
\end{figure}

then this should be described as "Main text incl. figures". MSWord, PostScript, and PDF files containing figures are described as "Main text incl. figures".

Each figure file should be described as such and must have a number, for example, "3" or "3c" if only part of figure 3. It is quite acceptable to have a file figure called, for example, graph.ps, but it should be described with an appropriate number such as Fig number 1. Only in those rare instances when a table is formatted using PostScript should the description "Table" be used.

Authors must find a way to pay for any figures to be printed in color; the cost for the number of color figures you have selected will be displayed before you submit. Should your paper be accepted, an invoice will be sent and will need to be paid before your article is prepared for publication.

Completing Authors

This page allows us to capture necessary information for our manuscript database. Certain information is required and you will be unable to proceed with the submission until it has been gathered. If your manuscript is formatted correctly using REVTeX or LaTeX, we are able to extract certain information and display it already so you need only verify it. However, from some files we are unable to extract any information, in this case you must complete the necessary information yourself.

If your file is formatted using a variety of TeX, we will try to extract certain information from it and automatically fill in some of the fields here. Unfortunately, the source lines for author names often contain coding which make it very difficult to extract accurate information. Coding for umlauts, etc., is acceptable and should be left in.

The macros for specifying authors and their affiliations have changed significantly for REVTeX 4 (see auguide.tex). They have been improved to save labor for authors and in production. You are encouraged to use this latest version.

You will be asked to enter an affiliation for each author. For APS purposes, we only track affiliations at the university college, or corporation level, not at the level of individual departments or centers. The association with an affiliation here in no way affects the presentation of affiliations (bylines) within the manuscript itself or the final publication should it be accepted.

Completing Title/Abstract/Other Info

This page allows us to capture necessary information for our manuscript database. Certain information is required and you will be unable to proceed with the submission until it has been gathered. If your manuscript is formatted using REVTeX or LaTeX, we are able to extract certain information and display it already so you need only verify it. However, from some files we are unable to extract any information, in this case you must complete the necessary information yourself.

With the exception of Physical Review D, Physical Review X, and Physical Review Applied, all the APS journals require you to enter at least the principal PACS code. A PACS code consists of 8 characters including 2 dots (full stops).

If your text file includes author names shown with Chinese, Japanese, or Korean characters, please check the box to indicate this.

Checking the references of your manuscript

Typographical errors in references are a very common mistake. It is all too easy to mistype a number causing a volume or page number to be incorrect, or to misspell an author's name. Incorrect references in published papers are of great concern to us. We strongly encourage you to check the validity of your references. This service is not available for PostScript or PDF files.

What does the program do?

This program checks the validity of references by comparison of the input source file with the computer records of the American Physical Society.

What records are available to compare against?

Author names, journal name, volume, page and published year for the APS journals Physical Review Letters, Physical Review (A, B, C, D, E, X, Applied, Fluids, and Materials), PRAB, and PRPER from 1977 until today. RMP articles published after 2005 will also be available.

What source files can be checked?

The program will try to resolve and check the references in any TeX-based or MSWord file. MSWord files are converted automatically to LaTeX before the references are checked. The program relies on certain standard ways to write the references in the LaTeX/REVTeX style. It has been tested on thousands of source files from many different authors. It tries hard to accommodate certain nonstandard TeX styles. The program will fail occasionally on certain freeform or nonstandard styles of references. It is usually evident from the output whether the program has successfully interpreted the reference section properly.

What should the output look like?

The onscreen output should contain only the references that the program believes to be in error. It may happen that no errors are detected. The number of references found, the number actually checked, and the number of possible errors found are listed below. Some examples of common errors with explanations are given below. Some reference errors are quite subtle, e.g., a typo of a single letter in a name, so the output requires quite close checking. Users should first examine the reference itself and the "Translated as" line to check that the program has interpreted the source style properly. Errors by the program can be detected here. Then, compare the "Your paper" and "Our record" lines to detect differences. A brief overview of the type of error is listed by the program, as well as help in certain cases to find the correct reference.

Is the program completely accurate?

No. It is not always easy to resolve the intended reference from the TeX source file. This is especially true for nonstandard TeX, for multiple references under the same number, for references with introductory words in them, for complicated author names, etc. MSWord files are more prone to reference-resolution errors. Such problems usually result in a reference being spuriously listed as an error. This is usually obvious from inspection of the output. There may also be errors in the APS records, which we would appreciate hearing about. Note, however, that there are many ways, for example, for authors to write author lists in references. Our records show the way the original authors wrote their author list, except first names are shortened to initials. References with et al. only have their first authors checked. The use of et al. is discouraged in references unless the author list is prohibitively long, e.g., more than 10-20 authors.

What should I do if the program cannot read my references properly?

If your manuscript is accepted for publication, it is helpful to our production department if you use the Physical Review style for references. However, as long as your source file can be converted into PDF and hardcopy output, then the review process will not be affected by nonstandard reference styles.

What should I do if errors are detected?

We suggest you revise your source file appropriately, upload it again, and recheck your references. The review process of your manuscript will not be delayed if reference errors exist, but it is important if your manuscript is published that the references are accurate, especially now that references are linked to the actual papers.

Should I report problems with the reference checking software?

It depends on the type of problem. Obviously, we have had access for several years now to the source files of all papers submitted to our journals and much effort has gone into looking at these files. We do know why certain source files cause problems for the software so reports of such problems are not very useful to us. We are very interested in cases where you believe the data in our records is inaccurate. Please report such cases to help@aps.org.

Can I get help with interpreting the output?

We regret we will not usually have the resources to answer all routine queries regarding this program. We feel that the output is generally self-explanatory. Feel free, however, to email such queries to help@aps.org. We shall respond if possible.

Examples of common, and spurious, errors that occur in references are available here.

Editorial Info

Here you have the option to provide any additional information you think may be useful to the editor. Also, for certain manuscripts, you will need to tell us why your manuscript is suitable for submission to that journal or section. Here you are encouraged to suggest the names of potential referees. Such suggestions are particularly welcome when a manuscript treats a highly specialized subject. The editors are, of course, not constrained to select a referee from those suggested. Please note: If you suggest the names of referees at any time, we will retain that information in our database. However, the names are not subsequently displayed upon resubmission (although you have the opportunity to enter more names then).

Finish

While completion of this page will result in your manuscript being submiited, it also serves as a review of your submission so far and gives you the opportunity to revisit and revise, if necessary, all steps in the submission process. If any of the information is incorrect, or you want to change it for any reason, you may do so from this page. When you have verified all the information, you must click on the "Submit Manuscript" button.

Your manuscript will not be submitted until after you have successfully clicked on the "Submit Manuscript" button. Immediately upon doing so (and receiving no error message), a web page will be displayed confirming your submission and an email confirmation will be sent to you.

Only after submission will your manuscript receive editorial attention. You can expect to hear by email from the Editorial Offices with a permanent APS manuscript code number within 2 business days.

Resubmissions

Once you have received a permanent APS manuscript code for your manuscript, then any changes or additions to your manuscript, or responses to an editor's or a reviewer(s)'s comments, should be sent as a resubmission.

These are possible reasons for a resubmission:

  • Transfer. If you are transferring your paper from one APS journal to another, this counts as a resubmission.
  • Figures only (new or revised). Sometimes, the only changes, or additions, needed to a manuscript involve a figure or figures.
  • A response to an editor's or a reviewer(s)'s comments. Typically, the resubmission may consist of your response to all recommendations and criticisms, a summary of any changes to your manuscript, and the changed files (this may be only one file out of several). The resubmission may, however, be no more than a response to the recommendations and criticisms as you do not wish to change your manuscript at all.
  • Redelivery (replacement files to resolve technical or processing problems). In this instance, you will have been contacted by the Editorial Offices and will have been asked to resubmit a file(s).
  • Changes (changes not requested by the editor).

It is not advisable to send a corrected version of your paper before you receive an APS manuscript code number (the temporary ID number is not an APS permanent manuscript code number). However, if you find that it is necessary to do so, you should click on the temporary ID number followed by the "Update my submission" button.

In general, sending revised text files after an article has been accepted for publication will delay the publication process, since changes will have to be made to the production file used for copyediting. Revisions at this point should be separately and explicitly described, or the author may wait and indicate revisions on the page proofs through the journal's proof correction procedures.

Only when you have clicked on the "Resubmit Manuscript" and received no error message, will your manuscript be considered as being resubmitted and start to receive editorial attention. Immediately upon clicking the "Resubmit Manuscript" button (and receiving no error message), a web page will be displayed confirming your resubmission and also an email message will be sent to you confirming it.

Review and/or continue attempted (re)submission

It is best if you complete your (re)submission in one session, but this is not always possible. While your manuscript will not be considered editorially until you have clicked on the "(Re)Submit Manuscript" button successfully, the record of your presubmission attempt can be kept at any time by means of a "Save for later" button, and you can return to it and continue at any subsequent time. This is true however small, or large, a part of the (re)submission process you have completed.

File formats

Text files should be formatted in REVTeX (preferred), LaTeX, or some varieties of plain TeX. The file must be in ASCII containing no control codes, with line lengths of 80 characters or less. Submissions in MSWord, PostScript and PDF are also acceptable; although their use is extremely limited in either the peer review or production process.

PDF or PostScript submissions do not qualify for the publication-charge discount or waiver.

All textual material of the paper (including tables, captions, etc.) should be in electronic form, as a single file. For MSWord and PDF submissions, all textual material and figures should be in a single file. Consult the PRL/PR Style and Notation Guide or RMP's Style Guide for detailed information on use of notations, headings, footnotes, etc.

The advantage of using the REVTeX macro package is that extensive use can be made of the electronic text file during the peer review process. This helps make the process much more efficient and quick. In addition, the file will be used in the production of the copy-edited proof and final published article, via a conversion process to our production formats. The conversion process ignores most formatting instructions and instead captures the structure "tagged" by the REVTeX macros (for example the title in a \title{} macro), rendering the final manuscript in the standard style for the journal. Please use the REVTeX macros, character sets, and other LaTeX commands as outlined in the REVTeX Input Guide and the examples accompanying the macro package. Additional low-level formatting commands and macros should not be introduced, although keystroke-saving macros (for example: \def\be{\begin{equation}}) are acceptable. Text and math fonts, line spacing, type size, headings, margins, table and equation layout, and detailed character positioning are among the items controlled by the production process, and should not be the focus of significant author effort. If exceptions to the standard style are necessary they may be introduced at the proof stage. For non-REVTeX or non-MSWord electronic manuscripts we have found it significantly less expensive to re-key; more care is required by the author at the proof stage to ensure that errors have not been introduced in this process. You may find the linked general tips on generating Physical Review style with TeX and REVTeX useful.

The REVTeX software (macros, examples, and documentation) is freely available via ftp to aps.org in the /pub/revtex directory. For further information on REVTeX, inquire by sending an email to revtex@aps.org.

These guidelines must be followed when submitting files formatted using MSWord. The most important guideline is to keep it simple. Do not try to achieve a "typeset" look. Be aware that most of your formatting commands will be replaced during the production process. All change tracking must be accepted (by the author) before (re)submission if this feature is used.

Figures

  • Any figures must be included in the MSWord file for review purposes. In the production process, it is necessary for us to have separate electronic versions of the figures. We recommend, therefore, that you (re)submit your figures as individual files in addition to your MSWord file to avoid possible delay in publication. Your MSWord file must still contain any figures.
  • Do not (re)submit MSWord files with embedded objects.

Math

  • Use Design Science's MathType equation editor rather than Word's built-in equation editor when creating all items of a mathematical nature such as individual math symbols, Greek letters and other special characters not found on the keyboard.
  • Also use Design Science's MathType equation editor for single variables and equations located in text as well as for stand-alone equations.

Text

  • Do not use any "Character Spacing" ("Spacing" or "Position") options.
  • Do not change fonts to apply italic or boldface formatting. Instead, use the italic or boldface button on the formatting toolbar.
  • Do not hide text or insert comments into text.

Tables

  • Use Word's table editor to create tables. Do not create tables by typing single lines of text followed by a hard return, with spaces or tabs used to align columns.
  • Place all content within the table, including column headings and sub-headings.
  • Do not break large tables into smaller ones merely to accommodate page breaks.
  • Place each item in a row in its own cell.

Correct

Row 1
Row 2entryentry
Row 3entryentry

Incorrect

Row 1
Row 2
Row 3

entry
entry
entry
entry
entry

General

  • If you use "Versions" or "Track Changes" commands, be sure that all changes have been accepted or rejected and the file contains only one version of the document.
  • Always submit the entire article as a single file (any figures must be included in this one file).
  • Do not submit the file in Microsoft's Rich Text Format (RTF).
  • Do not submit multiple copies of the same file in different formats (unless you are (re)submitting PostScript files of your figures).

For all REVTeX, LaTeX, Plain TeX and MSWord (re)submissions, the preferred format for figures transmitted electronically is PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript; EPS is a subset of PostScript with some structural conventions. Photographic images should be submitted as high resolution JPEG or PNG files. All figure files pertaining to a manuscript should have the same format. Each figure should be contained in a separate file, clearly labeled either with a comment line near the top of the file, or preferably with a label on the figure itself, outside the image area. Figures with well-separated parts (a, b, c, etc.) can be sent either as separate files for each figure part, or as a single file including all parts on one page. PostScript files should print correctly when sent by themselves to our PostScript printer; EPS files should print correctly at a reasonable size when a "showpage" command is appended. Please check all files by sending them to a PostScript printer that has not had any fonts or scripts downloaded to it. PostScript or EPS figures may be referenced from within the manuscript file using the psfig, epsf or other applicable LaTeX macros. Figure captions and call-in commands, if any, should be in the last portion of the manuscript file.

For direct use in the journal production process, to avoid an intermediate bitmap or scanning step, figure files should meet the following additional requirements:

  • For figures with parts (a, b, c, etc.) all parts must be included in one file containing the entire figure.
  • The printed size of the figure should be as close as possible to the final size to appear in the journal - the standard is 8.5 cm maximum width for one column.
  • Any resolution-dependent graphics should be drawn with at least 600 dots per inch (dpi) resolution for pure or mixed line art, and at least 264 dpi for color or halftone images.
  • Figures not intended to be printed as color reproduce best when they contain only grayscale (or black and white) graphics.

Figure submission for color online only. Preferred formats are PostScript and Encapsulated PostScript. Photographic images should be submitted as high resolution JPEG or PNG files.

Only one file and one caption per figure should be submitted and must be suitable for both online and print publication. Since the figures will not appear as color in print, authors must begin figure captions with "(Color online)" as an alert to readers of the print journal. Authors also have the responsibility to be sure that the figures are sufficiently clear in both the online color and print black and white versions, and that the captions and text references to the figures are appropriate for both versions. As part of the (re)submission process, there is no need to specify which figures are to appear in color online.

Electronic figures will be re-sized by our production staff, generally to standard one- or two-column width. If you have unusual figure sizing requirements, please include the details in your initial or resubmission cover letter.

Any TeX-coded "picture" (or image included in a MSWord file) should be preprocessed to a PostScript file and labeled either as a captioned figure or an uncaptioned diagram-in-text. In cases where a special graphic symbol is used in a displayed equation, please submit the ENTIRE expression as a PostScript image.

Video multimedia files are being accepted for online publication in PRAB and PRPER. The other Physical Review journals allow publication of such files as Supplemental Material. A link to such material will be provided from the online journal article. Current policy for PRAB and PRPER is to link to a video file from a static figure containing one or more 'snapshot' frames from the video; a video is then in a sense a dynamic figure. For review purposes, MPEG seems to be the most widely viewable video format; videos in other standard formats (Quicktime, AVI) may be converted to MPEG by APS staff prior to review.

Related information

Submission of a manuscript implies acceptance by the authors of the established procedures for selecting manuscripts for publication.

Requests for technical assistance should be addressed to help@aps.org.

Subject classification

  • All Physical Review journals now use PhySH (Physics Subject Headings) to classify articles. Please see our guidelines for authors.
  • Physical Review X and Physical Review Applied use a subject area list in addition to PhySH to classify articles; up to three subject areas may be assigned for each article.

Popular Summary

Physical Review X requires authors to submit a succinct, nontechnical Popular Summary that conveys to nonspecialist readers, and even nonscientific readers, the context, the essential message(s) and the significance of the work. The Summary should be concise and no longer than 250 words in length. A final, editorially-approved version of the Summary will appear together with the article.

Authors may submit the Summary when making initial submission of their article. They may also submit the Summary, or any revised version of it, at appropriate stages during the review/editorial process. However, delayed post-acceptance submission of the Summary will lead to a delay in the processing of the article toward publication. Therefore we strongly recommend that submission of the Summary be made sufficiently early in the review process.

While the Popular Summary may be subject to certain editorial revision whenever necessary, the responsibility of ensuring the readability, scientific objectiveness, and broad appeal of the Summary lies primarily with its authors.

See the PRX Submission Guidelines for more information on what this journal requires.

Submission of Supplemental Material

It is appropriate to submit supplemental material at the same time as your manuscript. For example, there may be some text, tables or figures which are of value, but of too limited reader interest to warrant the number of pages required to publish in full in the journal. If the article is published, such material would be made available through links from the published article. Supplemental Material can also include material not suitable for the printed journal (e.g., movies). Supplemental Material is sent for review along with the manuscript, so any such files should be submitted as you (re)submit your manuscript - do not wait until your manuscript has been accepted for publication. Any Supplemental Material should be cited as a reference in the manuscript. More information is available here.

While every effort is made to ensure that Supplemental Material will always be available, it is not currently subject to the strict archival rules and regulations of the published article.

Sometimes, Supplemental Material files do not come into play until a manuscript is resubmitted. When you resubmit a manuscript, you will be given the opportunity to include Supplemental Material files.

Please note that direct web submissions face a limit on the size of accepted files or packages (currently 30 MB per session) - please use compression when transmitting your files.

Frequently asked questions about the review process

Peer review by independent, anonymous referees is one of the most important reasons for the existence of a scientific journal. The journal reader benefits in that at least one independent expert has judged the manuscript to be new and interesting, to contribute to the advancement of the field, and to be without apparent flaws. Of course, it is impossible for either the journal or the referee(s) to guarantee the correctness or the originality of the research. The author benefits from feedback regarding the research and style of presentation as well as from pride in a refereed publication.

Because scientific research is a human enterprise we must all rely upon one another, as authors and referees, to do our best. Below are some frequently asked questions (FAQ) concerning the review process. For more information, please consult the Editorial Policies and Practices which are available via the journal home pages and at http://journals.aps.org/author-information.

What is the timeline from when I submit my manuscript until it gets published?

The timeline from receipt to publication depends on many factors. Policies and procedures vary by journal. Article type, for example, Rapid Communications, may have an effect. Availability of referees, speed of referee responses, and editorial staff workload are also significant factors. Finally, the time spent with authors, including the preparing of resubmissions, is an important variable. It is therefore not possible to estimate a timeline.

How are referees selected?

The editors choose one or more referees from a common database of thousands of potential referees. This database has no borders between different areas of physics. The editors choose referees based on many factors including a referee's area of expertise and availability (we try to avoid overburdening referees), quality of reports, and response time.

Can I suggest individuals to review my manuscript?

Authors are encouraged to suggest the names of potential referees. Any suggested referees can be added when you get to the Editorial Info page of your submission. Click on the “Add” button and enter the name, email, and affiliation for each suggested referee. The editorial staff will take your suggestions into consideration, but this does not mean your suggestions will necessarily be chosen. There are other factors editors consider when selecting referees -- suitability to review your topic, and availability, among many others.

Can I exclude individuals from reviewing my manuscript?

Yes, you can include your request when you submit your manuscript. Your request can be added when you get to the Editorial Info page of your submission. In the text box provide the names of a few specific people (not names of research groups, collaborations, or institutions) and include a brief explanation. Such requests are generally honored, but see also the response to the next question.

How many referees review my manuscript?

This varies somewhat among journals. For most papers, the editors choose one or two referees (depending on the practice of the journal) to initially review your manuscript. However, if it comments negatively on another published manuscript, then an author of that manuscript may be asked to provide a signed advisory opinion. In some cases, the editors may choose a different number of initial referees for reasons specific to the manuscript, e.g., the need for more than one type of expertise, uncertainty about the availability of a particular expert, etc. If a referee is tardy, the editors may choose an additional referee, and if the tardy referee then responds, we may receive more anonymous reports than usual. If an impasse is reached between author and referee, then the editors may consult another referee in an effort to close the review process. This may happen at any time while the manuscript is under review.

Are all papers reviewed by referees?

No. The editors increasingly reject some manuscripts which they judge to be clearly unsuitable for the journal. However, no manuscripts are accepted without review by external referees. It is the editors' experience that even eminently suitable manuscripts can benefit from careful examination by an expert referee, who may help improve the clarity and impact of the manuscript.

How many revisions will I have to make?

The editors seek to reach a final decision after one or two rounds of revisions and/or rebuttal.

Can I request another referee?

Yes. Generally the handling editor will grant this request if he or she feels that an impasse has been reached. Since the referees are chosen because of their familiarity with the subject matter of the manuscript, it is important to respond to their criticisms even if a different referee is to be consulted. The editors will generally not override a negative recommendation based on scientific criticisms unless an expert referee so advises.

Can a referee reject my manuscript?

No; only the editors can reject your manuscript.

What should I do when a referee criticizes my manuscript?

Read the referee report carefully and dispassionately. Approach the report with an open mind. What may at first seem like a devastating blow is perhaps a request for more information or for a more detailed explanation. At other times the referee may indeed have found a fatal flaw in the research or logic. Put yourself in the position of a reader, which is exactly the position of the referee. Is the manuscript well written? Is the presentation clear, unambiguous, and logical? Respond to all referee comments, suggestions, and criticisms. Explain which changes have been made and state your position on points of disagreement. In our experience, appropriate response to some referee comments may require more research or even reconsideration of the research project.

Why does the referee ask me to cite so many papers?

Assign credit where credit is due. Not only is it proper and customary to cite previous work on the topic of your research, it also demonstrates your knowledge of the subject. Moreover, it helps the less knowledgeable reader understand the history of the subject and how your work contributes to the advancement of the field. Finally, since more and more papers are hyperlinked, more people can find your manuscript if you cite all relevant papers; eventually, your manuscript will be cited more often.

What can I do to speed the acceptance and publication of my manuscript?

First and foremost, spend the time and effort to write a manuscript that is clear and grammatically correct. If English is not your native language, consider asking someone else to proofread your manuscript before submission. Triple-check the manuscript before you submit it.

Second, if you receive a referee report requesting changes, do your best to respond to all of the points raised and detail the changes made in your resubmission letter. Take the comments and criticisms of the referee(s) very seriously. The referee is most likely one of your most interested readers.

After you receive a referee report, respond to it promptly and accurately if you desire rapid acceptance.

Finally, if you are a referee, please send in your referee report on another author's manuscript as quickly as you wish another referee would review your own.

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Army Public Schools & Colleges System
APSACS
Location
Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Baluchistan, Northern Areas
Information
School typeArmy School; Semi-private, preparatory
Motto"I shall rise and shine!"
Opened1975
School boardFBISE, CIE and Edexcel.
Years offered3-4 to 18-19
GenderMixed with separate sections for males and females in most schools.
Number of students10,000 approximately
PupilsAPSACIANS
Average class size45
Education systemSSC, HSSC and GCE
Classes offeredO and AS/A level, Matriculation,Intermediate
Medium of languageEnglish
LanguageEnglish medium
ScheduleDay school
Houses     Faith
     Unity
     Discipline
     Tolerance
Websiteapsacssectt.edu.pk

Army Public Schools & Colleges System (or APSACS) is an educational institution with branches located in the five provinces of Pakistan. There are a total of 36 branches in the whole country. There are warm and south regions in Pakistan . They are sub-divided into 11 regions.

Notable Principals[edit]

  • Azra Yasmin
  • master trainer, research scholar and award holder, who has served over 25 years as principal and regional coordinater. presently is heading cherat APS.she fought bravely against the odds against the terrorist attack on APS peshawar
  • M. Sajid Mansoor
    Teacher Trainer, Research scholar and Prime Minister Award Holder, served as Principal in Army Public College PMA Kakul Abbottabad from 2007-2009 and then as Principal in Army Public College Chinar Campus Murree from 2009-2012. He earned outstanding repute and won the award of the Best Principal 4 times.
  • Saeed Rashid
  • the writer, teacher and historian was the principal of Army Public School Jhelum and Mangla Cantt from 1990 to 1994.
  • Tahira Qazi
  • principal of APS&C for Boys Peshawar from 2006-2014, and associated with APSACS since 1994, she was martyred along with 140+ others by the Taliban while rescuing her school children, in the Peshawar School Attack, 2014 on 16 December.
  • Umera Ahmad
  • author, known for her several critically acclaimed work, including Pir-e-Kamil, Meri Zaat Zara-e-Benishan, Shehr-e-Zaat, Zindagi Gulzar Hai.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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